Integrated Pest Management

Introduction Following on from a recent Tweet, I’ve had several messages asking for some commentary to explain a bit more about Integrated Pest Management( IPM). The term Integrated Pest Management (IPM) evolved over time from different terminology centred on pest management and integrated control, finally becoming accepted in 1972. The original emphasis of IPM was on insect pests and how to reduce their negative economic impact on crops, however, this term has developed to include fungi, bacteria, weeds and other organisms

Designing your course with levels in mind

If you want to design a course – anything from a short training course up to a full qualification or programme of occupational competence then make sure you use the correct wording within the course for the target level. Context is everything and this will help to make the course ‘fit for purpose’. Don’t use the terms ‘Introductory’, ‘Intermediate’, ‘Advanced’, or similar without qualifying the level at which knowledge and understanding is to be gained. Without adding the level qualifier

Qualifications: Are these outdated for 21st Century learning?

Certainly food for thought and my initial response was ‘Clearly not’, however, maybe there is more to this question than meets the eye. We hear a lot about jobs for the future, or the impact of technology (especially artificial intelligence) on the jobs market, the apparent lack of a range of skills of younger people when entering the jobs market, and qualifications (well, not all by a significant number) being unfit for purpose. Are we then perpetuating an outdated approach

Football Pitches: Quality Revisited

During my annual leave fortnight, with the World Cup in full swing, I thought a revisit of research from 30 years ago might be interesting to see how this might influence considerations of different levels of pitch quality and maintenance we encounter today. The Pitch Prototypes Project, 1986-1990, was undertaken by the STRI and University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, and was funded by the then Sports Council and the Department of Education and Science. The original research focused on what

Using simple data to help you manage better

Monitoring and assessing a turf grass surface can often be seen as a chore, however, used properly the data from monitoring and assessments can provide valuable, objective information to help improve decision making in the best use of, often very limited, resources. Whilst there are a large number of potential performance data which can be collected and assessed, a sensible approach is to consider what specific data might provide the most value for the type of turf surface you have.